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Dr. Fahiem E. El-Borai Kora

  • Name: Fahiem E. El-Borai Kora
  • Address1: Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, El Zagazig University, Egypt
  • Address2: University of Florida CREC, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, FL 33850
  • Telephone:+2050 6335385 (Egypt)
  • Fax: 02/055/ 2287673 (Egypt)
  • Telephone:(863) 956-1151 ext 311 (USA)
  • Fax: 001/ (863) 956-4631 (USA)
  • Mobile: 001/ (863) 513-8095 (USA)
  • E-mail1: Fahiemkora@yahoo.com
  • E-mail2: Fahiem@ufl.edu
  • Website: http://www.zu.edu.eg/users/fahiemkora
Fahiem E. El-Borai Kora, Egypt

  • Education:
    1. B.Sc. College of agriculture, Plant Protection Department, El-Zagazig University, El-Zagazig city, Egypt June 1987.
    2. M.Sc. College of agriculture, plant protection department, El-Zagazig University, El-Zagazig city, Egypt February 1993.
    3. Phd: (Nematology), University of Florida, Entomology and Nematology Department, December 2001.

     
  • Professional Appointments:
    1. Non-tenure Assistant Professor, University of Florida, Entomology and Nematology Department, July 2007-prsent.
    2. Assistant professor College of agriculture, Plant Protection Department, El-Zagazig University, El-Zagazig city, Egypt, December 2006-July 2007.
    3. Assistant Research Scientist, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education center (CREC), Lake Alfred, FL 33850, from November 2001 - December 2006.
    4. Graduate Research Assistant, Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, September 1996-December 2001.
    5. Assistant Lecturer at Plant Protection Department, College of Agriculture, El-Zagazig University, Egypt, January 1993 - September 1996.
    6. Teaching assistant, at Plant Protection Department, College of Agriculture, El-Zagazig University, Egypt, 1989-1993.

     
  • Research Responsibilities and Interests:
    1. Biological Control.
    2. Host-parasite interactions
    3. Plant parasitic nematodes
    4. Insect parasitic (Entomopathogenic) Nematodes
    5. Microbial interactions and Soil Food web dynamics.

     
  • Specific Research Projects:
    1. Nematophagus Fungi and Entomopathogenic Nematodes.
    2. Developing a Basis for Commercial Biological Control Tactics for IPM in Citrus.
    3. Food Webs and the Management of Diaprepes abbreviatus by Entomopathogenic Nematodes.
    4. Use of Endemic Entomopathogenic Nematodes to Increase Efficacy against Citrus Root Weevil.
    5. Phoretic and parasitic bacteria in the soil and their impact on the effectiveness of the EPNs and their use as a bioccontrol agent against citrus root weevils and other insect pests and strategies for enhancing their activity.
    6. Interspecific competition between entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN), predation of EPN by fungal and other natural enemies, and competition between EPN and free-living bactivorous nematodes, on the post-application survival of exotic and endemic EPN.
    7. Identification of Fungicidal/Fungistatic Chemicals from Eggs of Citrus Nematodes.
    8. The Interaction between Nematode and Fungal Pathogens on the Citrus Fibrous Root Cortex).

     
  • Teaching Experience:
    Courses Taught:
    1. The Principles of Agricultural Zoology (Morphology, Anatomy and Taxonomy), Undergraduate Zoology Course, El-Zagazig University, 1988-1996.
    2. The Principles of Agricultural Zoology (Physiology), Undergraduate Zoology Course1988-1996.
    3. Advanced Agriculture Zoology, Graduate Zoology Course, El-Zagazig University, 1993-1996.
    4. Zoological scientific identification and animal taxonomy, Graduate Zoology Course, El-Zagazig University, 1993-1996.
    5. Biological control, Graduate IPM Course, El-Zagazig University, 1993-1996. Principles of Plant Nematology, Undergraduate Zoology Course1988-1996.
    6. Nematode morphology and anatomy, Undergraduate Zoology Course1993-1996.
    7. Integrated pest management of nematodes, Graduate IPM Course, El-Zagazig University, 1993-1996.
    8. Biological control of plant parasitic nematodes, Undergraduate and Graduate Course, El-Zagazig University, faculty of Agriculture January 2007-July 2007.
    9. Biological control of insects using Insect parasitic nematodes (Entomopathogenic Nematodes)

     
  • Honors and Awards:
    1. The Egyptian Ministry of higher education Ph.D. Fellowship, 1996-2001.
    2. First Place Graduate Student Poster Award, 32 nd International Annual Meeting of The Organization of Nematologists of Tropical America (ONTA), Auburn, Alabama, USA, April 2000.
    3. First Place 2000 Graduate Student Paper Contest - Crops and Pest Management. Annual Meeting of Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida. Tallahassee, Florida, USA, September 2000.
    4. Third Place 2001 Graduate Student Paper Contest - Crops and Pest Management. Annual Meeting of Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida. Hutchnison Island Florida, USA, June 2001.
    5. University of Florida 2001 recipient for Davidson graduate student travel award Fellowship.
    6. University of Florida Graduate Student travel award 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001.
    7. Institute of Food and Agriculture Science, IFAS, College of Agriculture, University of Florida recipient for outstanding graduate student award 1999.

     
  • Fellowships:
    1. Davidson graduate student travel Fellowship, University of Florida, College of Agriculture, 2001.
    2. Postdoctoral Research Associate Fellowship, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural science IFAS from January 2001 to June 2002.
    3. Assistant In Research Fellowship from Citrus Research and Education Center (CREC), University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural science IFAS, from March 2003 to December 2006.
    4. Non-tenure track assistant professor faculty position Fellowship, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural science IFAS, Citrus Research and Education Center (CREC), from July 2007 to now

     
  • Service, Social and Leaderships Activities:
    1. Representative of the Entomology and Nematology Department at the Graduate Student counsel, University of Florida for three years 1997, 1998 and 1999.
    2. President of the Egyptian Student Association at University of Florida dealing with all the Egyptian students in USA and Canada under the supervision of the Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt and Egyptian Culture and Educational Bureau at Washington D.C from 1997-2000.
    3. Active member at the Entomology and Nematology Student Organization (ESA), University of Florida from 1997-2001, participating with all of the programs we have and also with the other departments Organization.
    4. Organizer for the seminar series at the Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, for years 1999-2001.
    5. Afro-Asian Society of Nematologists (AASN) council committee member 2002-prsent.
    6. Society of Nematology, biological control committee 2002-prsent.
    7. Society of Nematology, entomopathogenic nematode committee 2005-prsent.
    8. Diaprepes (Citrus Root Weevil) Task Force Member, Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida since 2002 till now.

     
  • Membership in Scientific Societies:
    1. Society of Nematologists (SON).
    2. Organization of Nematologists of Tropical America (ONTA).
    3. Afro-Asian Society of Nematologists (AASN)
    4. American Phytopathological Society (APS).
    5. Florida Phytopathological Society
    6. The Egyptian Society of Agricultural Nematology (ESAN).
    7. Soil and Crop soil society of Florida.
    8. International Society of Citriculture.
    9. International Society for Pest Information (ISPI).

     
  • Extension Experience:
    Extension Nematologist dealing with nematode problems.
     
  • Computer Expertise:
    1. Visual Basic Word processing: MS Word, Word Perfect, Power Point.
    2. Internet search and database, Scifinder and Endnote.
    3. Spreadsheets: MS Excel.
    4. Statistical programs (Microsoft Excel, SAS, Sigma Plot, Minitab, SPSS).

     
  • List of Publications
    Thesis
    1. El-Borai, F. E. 2001. The Interaction between Nematode and Fungal Pathogens on the Citrus Fibrous Root Cortex). Ph.D dissertation, (Nematology), University of Florida, Entomology and Nematology Department, December 2001. Pp. 119.
       
    2. El-Borai, F, E. 1993. Effect of Plant Age and Fertilization on Resistance of Certain Plants to Root-Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne. spp). 1993. M.Sc thesis, Plant Protection Department, (Agricultural Zoology; Plant Nematology). Faculty of Agriculture, El Zagazig University, Egypt, Pp. 147.

      Journal Articles (Referred papers):
    1. El-Borai, F. E, C.F. Brentu, and L.W. Duncan. 2007. Augmenting Entomopathogenic Nematodes in soil from a Florida Citrus Orchard: Non-Target Effects of a Trophic Cascade. Journal of Nematology 39 (2) 203-210.
       
    2. El-Borai, F. E, and L.W. Duncan. 2007. Suppression of Diaprepes abbreviatus in Potted Citrus by Combinations of Entomopathogenic Nematodes with Different Lifespans. Nematropica 37: 33-41.
       
    3. Duncan, L. W., J. H. Graham, J. Zellers, D. Bright, D. C. Dunn, F.E. El-Boraiand D. L. Porazinska. 2007. Food web responses to augmenting entomopathogenic nematodes in bare and animal-manure-mulched soil. Journal of Nematology 39 (2) 176-189.
       
    4. El-Borai , F.E, L.W. Duncan, and J. F. Preston. 2005. Bionomics of a Phoretic association between a putative Paenibacillus sp. and entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema diaprepesi. Journal of Nematology 37 (1) 18-25.
       
    5. El-Borai, F. E, and L. W. Duncan. 2004. Paenibacillus sp. Impairs the Insecticidal Efficacy of the Entomopathogenic Nematode Steinernema diaprepesi. Proceeding of the International Society of Citriculture; Volume III;904-909.
       
    6. El-Borai, F. E., L. W. Duncan, J. H. Graham and E. Dickstein. 2003. Tylenchulus semipenetrans alters the microbial community in the citrus rhizosphere. Journal of Nematology, 35 (2) 167:177.
       
    7. El-Borai, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2002. Infection of citrus roots reduces root infection by Phytophthora nicotianae. Journal of Nematology 34 (4): 384-389.
       
    8. El-Borai, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2002. Eggs of Tylenchulus semipenetrans inhibit growth of Phytophthora nicotianae and Fusarium solani in vitro. Journal of Nematology, 34 (3) 267:272.
       
    9. L. W. Duncan, J. Zellers, and F. E. El-Borai. Variation in soil temperature in Florida regulates the efficacy of Steinernema riobrave against larvae of Diaprepes abbreviatus. In review.
       
    10. El-Borai, F. E, and L.W. Duncan. Effect of Nematode-trapping and Endo-parasitic Fungi on Entomopathogenic nematodes. In review.

      Conference, symposium Papers:
    1. El-Borai Kora, F., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2000. Competition between Nematode and Fungal Pathogens of in Citrus Root Cortex. The Ixth International Society of Citriculture Congress, 2000, Orlando, Florida, USA. International Society of Citriculture, Symposium 41, P87.
       
    2. Duncan, L. W.,1 J. H. Graham, F. El-Borai, and D. L. Porazinska. 2005. Trophic Cascades and Non-target Effects of Augmenting Entomopathogenic Nematode Communities. Society of Nematologists, Forty-fourth Annual Meeting, July 9-13, 2005, Fort Lauderdale, FL.
       
    3. El-Borai, K. F., M. E. Mahrous, and A.A. Salem. 1998. Effect of Plant Age on Host Suitability to Meloidogyne javanica. Society of Nematologists (SON) Annual Meeting, July 1998, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
       
    4. El-Borai, K. F., M. E. Mahrous, and A.A. Salem. 1998. Effect of chemical fertilization on host-parasite relationship of Meloidogyne javanica and certain host plants. Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida Annual Meeting, Daytona Beach, Florida, USA.
       
    5. F. E. Kora, L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 1999. Antagonistic Interaction Between Tylenchulus semipenetrans and Phytophthora nicotianae in the Citrus Root Cortex. Society of Nematologists (SON). International Annual Meeting, July 1999, Monterey, California, USA.
       
    6. F. E. Kora, L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2000. Tylenchulus semipenetrans suppresses infection of citrus fibrous roots by the fungus Phytophthora nicotianae(=Parasitica). Institute of Food and Agricultural Science (IFAS), College of Agriculture, University of Florida, Graduate Student Competition, Gainesville, Florida USA.
       
    7. Kora, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham, 2000. Tylenchulus semipenetrans suppresses infection of citrus fibrous roots by the fungus Phytophthora nicotianae(=Parasitica). The Organization of Nematologists of Tropical America (ONTA), International Annual Meeting, April 2000 Auburn, Alabama, USA.
       
    8. El-Borai, K. F., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2000. Tylenchulus semipenetrans Suppresses Infection of Citrus Fibrous Roots by the Fungus Phytophthora nicotianae (=Parasitica). 39th Annual Meeting of the Society of Nematologists, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, June 24-28, 2000. Society of Nematologists (SON) International Annual Meeting, June 2000, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
       
    9. Kora, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2000. Interaction between citrus nematode and rhizosphere bacteria reduces infection of citrus roots by Phytophthora nicotianae(=Parasitica). Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida Annual Meeting, April 2000, Tallahassee, Florida, USA.
       
    10. El-Borai Kora, F., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2000. Competition between Nematode and Fungal Pathogens of in Citrus Root Cortex. The Ixth International Society of Citriculture Congress, 2000, Orlando, Florida, USA. International Society of Citriculture, Symposium 41.
       
    11. El-Borai, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2002. Mechanisms by which Tylenchulus semipenetrans modulate virulence of Phytophthora nicotianae to citrus seedlings. Sixty-first Annual Meeting of the Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida, Hutchinson Island, FL, USA, June 10-12, 2001.
       
    12. Kora, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2001. Mechanisms by which Tylenchulus semipenetrans may mitigate virulence of Phytophthora nicotianae to citrus seedlings. (40th Annual Meeting of the Society of Nematologists), Joint Meeting with the American Phytopathological Society, the Mycological Society of America, and the Society of Nematologists, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, August 25-29, 2001.
       
    13. El-Borai, F. E., L. W. Duncan and D. Dunn. 2002. A Pasteuria-like organism on an entomopathogenic nematode parasite of Diaprepes abbreviatus.. International Federation of Nematology Societies (IFNS), Fourth International Congress of Nematology, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, June 08-13, 2002.
       
    14. El-Borai, F. E., L. W. Duncan, J. F. Preston and D. Dunn. 2003. A phoretic association between a putative Paenibacillus Sp. and the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema diaprepesi. Society of Nematologists (SON) Annual Meeting 2003, Cornell University, Ithaca, Ny, USA.
       
    15. El-Borai, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. F. Preston. 2004. Impact of Paenibacillus sp. on the effectiveness of entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema diaprepesi. The 10th International Society of Citriculture Congress, 2004, Agadir, Morocco, 15-20 February 2004.
       
    16. Duncan, L.W., J.H. Graham, K. Nguyen and F. El Borai. 2004. Food Webs and the Management of Diaprepes abbreviatus by Entomopathogenic Nematodes. The 10th International Society of Citriculture Congress, 2004, Agadir, Morocco, 15-20 February 2004.
       
    17. El-Borai, F. E, L. W. Duncan, and J. F. Preston. 2005. Bionomics of a Phoretic Association Between Paenibacillus sp. and the Entomopathogenic Nematode Steinernema diaprepes. Society of Nematologists, Forty-fourth Annual Meeting, July 9-13, 2005, Fort Lauderdale,Fl, USA.
       
    18. Duncan, L. W., J. H. Graham, F. El-Borai, and D. L. Porazinska. 2005. Trophic Cascades and Non-Target Effects of Augmenting Entomopathogenic Nematode Communities. Society of Nematologists, Forty-fourth Annual Meeting, July 9-13, 2005, Fort Lauderdale,Fl, USA.
       
    19. El-Borai F. E., and L.W. Duncan. 2006. Suppression of Diaprepes abbreviatus in Potted Citrus by Combinations of Entomopathogenic Nematodes with Different Lifespans. Society of Nematologists (SON), Forty-five Annual Meeting, June 18-21, 2006, Lihue, the island of Kauai, Hawaii, USA.
       
    20. El-Borai F. E., 2007. Overview on Plant Parasitic Nematodes on fruit crops and vegetables. Horticultural Export and Improvement Association (HEIA), Six of October City, Egypt.
       
    21. El-Borai F. E., 2007. Interaction between Nematode and Fungal Pathogens on the Citrus Fibrous Root Cortex). Faculty of Agriculture, EL Zagazig University, Egypt.
       
    22. El-Borai F. E., 2007. Food Webs and the Management of Diaprepes abbreviatus by Entomopathogenic Nematodes. Faculty of Agriculture, EL Zagazig University, Egypt.

     
  • Selected Abstracts in Refereed journals
    1. El-Borai, K. F., M. E. Mahrous, and A.A. Salem. 1998. Effect of Plant Age on Host Suitability to Meloidogyne javanica. Journal of Nematology 3:494.
       
    2. El-Borai Kora, F., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2000. Competition between Nematode and Fungal Pathogens of in Citrus Root Cortex. The Ixth International Society of Citriculture Congress, 2000, Orlando, Florida, USA. International Society of Citriculture, Symposium 41, P87.
       
    3. El-Borai, K. F., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2000. Tylenchulus semipenetrans Suppresses Infection of Citrus Fibrous Roots by the Fungus Phytophthora nicotianae (=Parasitica). Journal of Nematology, 32 (4): 427-428. 39th Annual Meeting of the Society of Nematologists, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, June 24-28, 2000.
       
    4. Kora, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2000. Interaction between citrus nematode and rhizosphere bacteria reduces infection of citrus roots by Phytophthora nicotianae(=Parasitica). Proceedings of Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida.
       
    5. Kora, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham, 2000. Tylenchulus semipenetrans suppresses infection of citrus fibrous roots by the fungus Phytophthora nicotianae(=Parasitica). Nematropica 30:134-135.
       
    6. Kora, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2001. Mechanisms by which Tylenchulus semipenetrans may mitigate virulence of Phytophthora nicotianae to citrus seedlings. Journal-of-Nematology. December, 2001; 33 (4): 263 (40th Annual Meeting of the Society of Nematologists) and in Phytopathology 91 (6 Supplement): S137., Joint Meeting of the American Phytopathological Society, the Mycological Society of America, and the Society of Nematologists, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, August 25-29, 2001.
       
    7. El-Borai, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. H. Graham. 2002. Mechanisms by which Tylenchulus semipenetrans modulate virulence of Phytophthora nicotianae to citrus seedlings. Proceedings of Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida, June issue: 61: 88. Sixty-first Annual Meeting of the Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida, Hutchinson Island, FL, USA, June 10-12, 2001.
       
    8. El-Borai, F. E., L. W. Duncan and D. Dunn. 2002. A Pasteuria-like organism on an entomopathogenic nematode parasite of Diaprepes abbreviatus. International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Nematological Research, P. 284 (Biological control abstracts 449- 488) and in Journal of nematology 2002; 4 (2): 284. Fourth International Congress of Nematology Programme and Abstracts, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, June 08-13, 2002.
       
    9. El-Borai, F. E., L. W. Duncan, J. F. Preston and D. Dunn. 2003. A phoretic association between a putative Paenibacillus Sp. and the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema diaprepesi. Journal of Nematology, 35 (3) 336-337.
       
    10. El-Borai, F. E., L. W. Duncan, and J. F. Preston. 2004. Impact of Paenibacillussp. on the effectiveness of entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema diaprepesi. The 10th International Society of Citriculture Congress, 2004, Agadir, Morocco, 15-20 February 2004.
       
    11. Duncan, L.W., J.H. Graham, K. Nguyen and F. El Borai. 2004. Food Webs and the Management of Diaprepes abbreviatus by Entomopathogenic Nematodes. The 10th International Society of Citriculture Congress, 2004, Agadir, Morocco, 15-20 February 2004.
       
    12. El-Borai, F. E, L. W. Duncan, and J. F. Preston. 2005. Bionomics of a Phoretic Association Between Paenibacillus sp. and the Entomopathogenic Nematode Steinernema diaprepes. Journal of Nematology 37(1):18.
       
    13. Duncan, L. W., J. H. Graham, F. El-Borai, and D. L. Porazinska. 2005. Trophic Cascades and Non-Target Effects of Augmenting Entomopathogenic Nematode Communities. Society of Nematologists, Forty-fourth Annual Meeting, July 9-13, 2005, Fort Lauderdale,Fl, USA.
       
    14. Gozel, U., F. Lambert, B. Adams, F. E. El-Borai, and L. Duncan. 2005b. Morphological and molecular analysis of five species belonging to the Xiphinema americanum (Nemata: Longidoridae) group in Florida. Journal of Nematology.
       
    15. F. E. El-Borai, and L.W. Duncan. 2006. Suppression of Diaprepes abbreviatus in Potted Citrus by Combinations of Entomopathogenic Nematodes with Different Lifespans. Journal of Nematology. Society of Nematologists, Forty-five Annual Meeting, June 18-21, 2006, Lihue, the island of Kauai, Hawaii, USA.
       
    16. L.W. Duncan, R. Stuart, J.H. Graham, J. Zellers, D. Bright, D. Dunn, and F.E. El-Borai .2006. Is there a role for conservation biological control with entomopathogenic nematodes. Diaprepes (Citrus Root Weevil) Task Force annual meeting held in Ft. Pierce , Florida, November 16.

     
  • Book Chapters:
    Fahiem E. El Borai and Larry W. Duncan. 2004. Nematode Parasites of Subtropical and Tropical Fruit Trees. Plant parasitic nematodes in subtropical and tropical agriculture, PB: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau International, U.K (CAB International); Wallingford; UK. (467-492).

 
New Publications
The Arab Scientists in Cooperation with The High Institute of Marine Research. Publish all the researches abstracts, which presented in The Regional Workshop on Marine Sciences and Natural Resources, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria, 25-26 May 2004.


New Publications
The Arab Scientists in Cooperation with The Egyptian Society for Biological Control of Pests . Publish all the researches abstracts, which presented in The First Arab Conference of Applied Biological Pest Control, Cairo, Egypt, 5-7 April 2004.


Conferences, Fez
The First International Symposium on Environnement protection for development Biotechnological aspects. Fez, December
15 – 17, 2004.


Conferences, Syria
The Second Syrian-Egyptian conference in the Agriculture and Food. Agriculture Faculty, Al-Baath university, Homs, Syria. 25-28 April, 05


Conference,Yemen
Current Status of Plant Protection in Yemen and Future Strategy. Faculty of Agriculture, Sana'a University, Sana'a, yemen. December 18-20/2004


Conferences Canada
The 9th International Conference of the Orthopterists’ Society Canada, on August 14 19, 2005


Conferences, Egypt
The First Arab Conference on Applications of Biological Control of Pests in Arab Countries


Workshop,Lebanon
New Workshop Middle-East Academy for Medicine of Ageing First Annual Middle-East Age & Aging Meeting 8-11 April, 2004

  
Publications
Arab Society for Plant Protection (ASPP) in Cooperation with The Arab Scientists
Publish all the researches abstracts, which presented in the Eighth Arab Congress of Plant Protection, held in Faculty of Agriculture, Omar Al-Mukhtar University, El-beida City, Libya, October 12-16,2003

  
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